The ensuing controversy-often called the Second Battle for the Alamo-focused largely on whether the site should be restored as an eighteenth-century mission or a nineteenth-century battlefield.
The United States Army occupied the site inprovoking a three-way title controversy with the city of San Antonio and the Catholic Church. In addition to constructing buildings and irrigation ditches, Indians operated weaving, blacksmith, and carpentry shops; cultivated maize, beans, cotton, vegetables, and fruits in outlying fields and orchards; and on the mission ranch grazed livestock herds numbering hundreds of cattle, sheep, and goats, as well as horses and oxen.
Because the Spanish government failed to complete or adequately garrison the local presidio, the mission had frequently to provide for its own defense. However, as the number of mission Indians declined, work stalled, and the upper level, bell towers and dome were never begun. Although the church's claim prevailed inthe mission chapel and convento both continued to be rented by the army and used as a supply depot until Jameson to Sam Houston, commander of the Texian forces.
The Alamo was even used as a commercial warehouse until the State of Texas purchased it in the s. Although the men hit water, they weakened an earth and timber parapet near the barracks, collapsing it and leaving no way to fire safely over that wall.
The mission's south gate, referred to as the "Low Barracks" in accounts of the Texas Revolutionserved as a jail before being demolished in the late s.
Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Eckerskorn of San Antonio. The extant mission church, or Alamo Shrine, was begun during the s, after the collapse of another begun in The Franciscan operation there lasted until the end of the century, when Spain closed the mission secularization.
Eventually a judge named Driscoll's chapter the official custodians of the Alamo. By an additional one-pounder cannon had been placed on a rampart near the convent.
Click here for the National Historic Landmark file: Father Olivares reported 50 different tribes in the area north of the Rio Grande and San Antonio rivers, but over time raiding, epidemic disease, and the concentration of people at the missions caused an enormous drop in population.
Efforts by Governor Oscar B. The Alamo remained a vital military garrison protecting San Antonio and supplying border forts from Mexican incursion and Indian attacks. These features were never replaced and the building fell into greater disrepair over time.
The following year, the new commandant general of the interior provinces, Teodoro de Croix, thought the missions were largely a liability and began taking actions to decrease their influence. Ultimately, the Texas army, which American native Samuel Houston led, won the war and forced Santa Anna to concede Texas to the rebels.
When the government in Mexico City tried to remove the illegal immigrants from Texas and regain control of the region violence broke out between immigrants and those loyal to Mexico. In the early 19th Century, when Mexico began to fight for its independence from Spain, the old mission would become a strategically important site.
At the time, reports suggested that the soldiers found several skeletons while clearing the rubble from the chapel floor. Photo by the Meade Bros[attrib.Valero is the world's largest independent petroleum refiner, and a leading marketer, ethanol producer and corporate citizen.
The story of the Alamo begins with the establishment of the Mission San Francisco de Solano near the Rio Grande River in There, Spanish missionary Father Antonio de San Buenaventura y Olivares worked to convert many. Today the Alamo is the heart of San Antonio and it is Texas' most visited historic landmark.
Home of the famous battle and to living history demonstrations and special events throughout the year, the beautiful year-old former Spanish mission turned fortress is open year-round and is free for families, school groups and everyone to.
Mar 04, · Watch video · The Mission San Antonio de Valero housed missionaries and their Native American converts for some 70 years untilwhen Spanish authorities secularized the five missions located in San Antonio. Mission San Antonio de Valero was founded on May 1 and followed four days later by the nearby San Antonio de Béxar Presidio and the civil settlement, Villa de Béxar.
The mission, originally located west of San Pedro Springs, survived three moves and numerous setbacks during its early years. History of Mission San Antonio de Valero (The Alamo) The Alamo was founded in as the first mission in San Antonio, serving as a way station between east Texas and Mexico.
Indecades after the mission had closed, the Alamo became an inspiration and a motivation for liberty during the Texas Revolution.Download